Adjective Endings – a Step-by-Step Guide


Lots of students struggle with adjective endings (aka adjective declension), but it's simpler than you think. 

Here are step-by-step instructions to help you find the right ending. If you'd like a more detailed explanation of the rules, go to my page on adjective endings

The Basics of Adjective Endings

The adjective ending depends on the type of article in front of the adjective, as well as the case and gender of the noun.

Step 1: Is there an article before the adjective?

No:

⇒ Add the ending of the definite article (der, die ,das,…) for that case and gender

  • „schnelle Autos“ (die Autos)

Exception: Genitive masculine & genitive neuter use an "-en"-ending

Yes: ⇒ Onward to Step 2


Step 2: Is the word „viele,“ „einige,“ „mehrere,“ or „manche“ in front of the adjective?

Yes:

⇒ Add the ending of the definite article (der, die ,das,…) for that case

  • „viele schnelle Autos“ (die Autos)

Exception: Genitive masculine & genitive neuter use an "-en"-ending

No: ⇒ Onward to Step 3


Step 3: Is it accusative masculine, dative, genitive, or plural?

Yes:

⇒ Add the ending „-en“

  • „mit den schnellen Autos“   (Dative Plural)
  • „die schnellen Autos“  (Nominative Plural)

No: ⇒ Onward to Step 4


Step 4: Does the article have an ending?

No:

⇒ Add the ending of the definite article for the corresponding case.

  • ein schnelles Auto“   (das Auto - Nominative)
  • ein schöner Mann“  (der Mann - Nominative)

Yes:

⇒ Add the ending „e“

  • „das schnelle Auto“   (Nominative Neuter)
  • „eine schöne Frau“  (Nominative Feminine)

Deutsche Grammatik Einfach erklärt

Choosing the right adjective ending?

It's actually not that hard!



This works 100%!!!

Deutsche Grammatik Einfach erklärt


Related Topics:

A detailed explanation of the rules for adjective declension.

An overview of what you have to pay attention to when dealing with adjectives in general.

Adjective declension depends on whether there is a definite article, indefinite article (including possessive determiners or the negative article), or no article at all (the zero article) in front of the adjective.

The ending is determined by the case: nominative, accusative, dative, or genitive.

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