Nouns are people, places, and things. These can be concrete, real-life things or even abstract ideas: der Mann, der Hund, die Lampe, der Computer, das Wetter, das Licht,....
In German, nouns usually come with an article.Nomen stehen fast immer zusammen mit einem Artikel.
Here are a few things about German nouns that you need to know:
1) Nouns have articles:
2) All nouns are written with capital letters, always.
3) Compound nouns are written together as one word:
In German, every noun has a gender - masculine, feminine, or neuter. There's no general rule that tell you what the gender is, but there are some guidelines that can help you determine the gender.
Example: „der Mann“, „die Frau“, „das Kind“
There are a number of different ways plural nouns are made in German, and which one you have to use depends on the noun. The possible endings are "-e", "-en", "-er", "-s" and "-r." Unfortunately, there's no general rule telling you which ending to use.
Examples: der Baum - die Bäume // das Auto - die Autos
In German, nouns can be in the nominative, accusative, dative or genitive case.
The case tells you what role the noun plays in the sentence. Different cases require you to use different articles and endings as well.
If you are having trouble knowing what case to put the noun in, my step-by-step guide will help you determine if you should put the noun in the nominative, accusative, dative, or genitive case.
Sometimes we have to add an "-n" or "-en" to the end of nouns - this is called n-declension. At first glance it might seem arbitrary, but I'll explain how you know when you need to add the ending and when you don't.
Example: der Polizist // den Polizisten