What are Sentence Brackets?
Some verbs have a prefix or are used in combination with a second verb.
The conjugated verb stays in position 2 but the prefix or second verb goes at the end of the sentence. This creates brackets that contain all of the other information ⇒ Sentence Brackets.
- „Ich stehe um 6 Uhr auf.“
When Do We Use Sentence Brackets?
We use sentence brackets when there is a separable verb or more than one verb in a sentence:
Where Do the Sentence Brackets Go?
Sentence brackets are used most often in main clauses. In subordinate clauses the verb is at the end, so no sentence brackets are needed.
That is especially important for separable verbs. If the prefix and the main part of the verb are both at the end, we do not separate them anymore.
- „Ich stehe früh auf.“
⇒ There are sentence brackets because it’s a main clause and the verb is in position 2.
- „Ich gehe zeitig ins Bett, weil ich immer früh aufstehe.“
⇒ No sentence brackets because it’s a subordinate clause. The prefix and the verb stay together at the end of the sentence (they aren't separated).
- When there are 2 verbs in a sentence, the conjugated verb goes in position 2 and the second verb always goes at the end of the sentence.
- For separable verbs, the verb stem stays in position 2 and the prefix goes at the end of the sentence.
- If a separable verb is at the end of a sentence, we do NOT separate it!
You need sentence brackets in these situations: