The Future 1 Tense

What is the Future 1 Tense?

The future 1 is the tense we use to express that something will happen in the future.

Examples of the Future 1:

  • „Wir werden ein neues Auto kaufen.“
  • „Er wird wahrscheinlich nicht kommen.“
  • „Es wird morgen regnen.“
  • „Ich werde nach Italien fliegen.“
  • „Ich werde lieb sein, versprochen!“

How to use the Future 1:

We form the future tense with the helping verb "werden" (conjugated) + the infinitive form of the main verb:

Word Order with the Future 1:

The regular word order with 2 verbs applies here. The conjugated verb "werden" goes in position 2 (or position 1 if it's a question), and the main verb goes at the end of the sentence.

When do we use the Future 1?

There are two ways to talk about the future in German:

Future: Simple Present + Time Specification

In spoken language, we normally use the simple present, along with a time specification (i.e. "in 2030," "next year," "tomorrow," etc.), to talk about things that will happen in the future.

There is just one condition that needs to be fulfilled - we need to be quite sure it will happen.

  • „Wir kaufen nächsten Monat ein neues Auto.“
Achtung Hinweis

Warning:

When using this construction, you have to include a time specification in the sentence or the time when the action will happen has to be universally known. Otherwise people will think you are just talking about the present.

Future: Future 1

The actual future tense with "werden" is used to express an intention, prediction, or guess: You are not completely sure it will happen

Theoretically, it can always be used, but it expresses some doubt whether it will actually occur.

  • „Er wird nächsten Monat (vielleicht) ein Auto kaufen.“

Comparison

  • „Ich werde nach Italien fliegen.“

    (One day, sometime. The flight probably isn’t booked.)
  • „Ich fliege (nächstes Jahr) nach Italien.“

    (That is a firm plan. It will happen for sure)

Related Topics:

There are two tenses with future in the name. Learn the difference: Future 1 and Future 2.

Talking about the present: The Simple Present.

Talking about the past: PerfectSimple Past, Past Perfect.

When using verbs, word order is important: Main Clauses

Some verbs have to separated when you conjugate them: Separable Verbs.

Learn about modal verbs and what's so special about them: Modal Verbs.

Some verbs are always followed by a specific case: Verbs with Complements.

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