The Present Participle

The present participle is the participle which expresses things happening at the same time.

It is used as an adjective and replaces a subordinate clause (while also being much shorter!).

Examples

  • „Der telefonierende Mann trinkt einen Kaffee.“
  • „Die laufende Frau hört Musik.“
  • „Der vor der Tür stehende Mann ruft nach dir.“

Constructing the Present Participle

Infinitive + "-d"

Only two exceptions: sein ⇒ seiend / tun ⇒ tuend

Uses of the Present Participle

The present participle is used as an adjective (in place of a clause) when two actions are occurring simultaneously.

Version with the Present Participle:

  • „Der telefonierende Mann trinkt einen Kaffee.“

Version without:

  • „Der Mann, der telefoniert, trinkt einen Kaffee.“

More info about this here: Participle as Adjective

Comparison to the Past Participle

Present participle as an adjective: Something is happening at the same time

  • „Der herunterfallende Apfel ist grün.“
  • Der Apfel fällt.“ „Der Apfel ist grün.“

Past participle as an adjective: Something happened earlier.

  • „Der heruntergefallene Apfel liegt auf dem Boden.“
  • Der Apfel ist heruntergefallen.“ „Er liegt (jetzt) auf dem Boden.“

Related Topics

There is also the past participle.

The past participle is needed to form the perfect, past perfect, and passive.

Both participles are used as adjectives: Participles as Adjectives.

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