The Verbs “sein” and “haben”

"Sein" and "haben" are two very important verbs in the German language that you will use quite often in many different situations.

They can act as normal verbs meaning "to be" and "to have," as well as when constructing different tenses.

Conjugation

Conjugation of "sein":

"Sein" is 100% irregular.

Conjugation of "haben":

Using "sein" as a Main Verb:

With adjectives:

  • „Du bist nett.“
  • „Er ist arrogant.“
  • „Ich bin schön.“

To identify things (names, nationalities, professions, ...):

  • „Das ist Sebastian.“
  • „Leo ist ein Löwe.“
  • „Ich bin Deutschlehrer.“

To indicate age, date, and time:

  • „Sebastian ist 27 Jahre alt.“
  • „Es ist schon 23 Uhr.“
  • „Heute ist der 30. August.“

Using "haben" as a Main Verb

To indicate possession:

  • „Er hat ein Haus.“
  • „Sie hat eine Puppe.“
  • „Ich habe einen Fußball.“

To show something has a certain status / condition:

  • „Er hat Zeit.“
  • „Sie hat lange Haare.“
  • „Ich habe einen Bruder.“

With specific phrases:

  • „Ich habe Recht.“
  • „Ich habe dich lieb.“
  • „Er hat es eilig.“

"Haben" and "sein" as Helping Verbs

You can learn how exactly to use "haben" and "sein" as helping verbs on the specific page of the tenses that need them:

Related Topics:

"Sein" and "haben" are used to construct the perfect, past  perfect and the passive.

Modal verbs are special verbs that behave in a different way and are also very important to the German language.

"Werden" and "lassen" are two more verbs that have special rules.

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